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Systems Thinking Soft System Methodologies

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Appreciative Inquiry







    • Corporation for Positive Change is a global network of master consultants, linked by a shared commitment to the principles and practices of Appreciative Inquiry and Positive Change. We are skilled designers and facilitators of high engagement, strength-based, large-scale change. We help with the human side of organizing, strategic change, and culture transformation in businesses, non-profits and NGO’s, health care, education, government and religious organizations. We are team builders, helping with leadership, professional, and project teams to achieve their goals by clarifying their purpose and principles, strengthening stakeholder relations, and aligning strengths around performance outcomes.


TagsAppreciative Inquirysystems thinkingstrength-basedchange






    • Our approach revolves around a simple idea: building upon the organization’s strengths – by providing skills and confidence to develop a framework for planning and implementing change and developing energy for that change. One of the fundamentals of our success is utilizing the existing talents and resources of the organization to enhance customer satisfaction, business goals, and full engagement.

    • Diigo TagsAppreciative Inquirysystems thinking



    • APPRECIATIVE INQUIRY PRINCIPLES The Core Principles of Appreciative Inquiry, which describe the basic tenets of the underlying Ai philosophy, were developed in the early 1990’s by David Cooperrider and Suresh Srivastva (Cooperrider’s advisor at Case Western Reserve University). The five original principles are: Constructionist, Simultaneity, Anticipatory, Poetic, and Positive.

    • Diigo TagsAppreciative Inquirysystems thinkingprinciples



    • "APPA can be applied in a variety of contexts and with a wide range of participants. Its primary value lies in its emphasis as a process of lasting engagement and dialogue among stakeholders. APPA combines the framework of Appreciative Inquiry and the tools of Participatory Learning and Action (PLA). Its objective is to find and emphasise the positive, successes and strengths as a means to empower communities, groups and organisations to plan and manage development and conservation. [It] uses the cycle of the 4D�s: Discovery, the act of appreciation: the best of what is and what gives life to the community, group or organisation; Dream, envisioning and impact: what might be, creating a positive image of a preferred future; Design, co-constructing the desired future: what should the ideal be, a process of dialogue, consensus and further inquiry; Delivery, sustaining: how to empower, learn, adjust and sustain." (Source: PPM&E Resource Portal)

    • Diigo TagsAppreciative InquiryAPPAcommunity engagementparticipatory democracyParticipatory Learning and Action


    • Example websites 

    • How We Work – APPA 

      • The Snow Leopard Conservancy engages local communities using a highly participatory planning process known as Appreciative Participatory Planning and Action, or APPA. APPA significantly extends the more traditional rural development tools such as Participatory Rural Appraisal.





    • 1. PAPA: an appreciative approach  Community Empowerment Collective

    • by Kamal Phuyal, PhD 

      edited by Phil Bartle, PhD 

      • Participatory Appreciative Planning Approach (PAPA) was initiated in Nepal after 1999 and widely used by various organisations and individuals. However, different people and organisations use different name such as positive planning approach, appreciative planning approach, etc. This approach shares the values raised by 'appreciative inquiry (AI)' approach.


      • People-centeredness has been one of the major components of this approach which advocates "people's participation in the development process" as their rights. It is local people's rights to analyse their own situation and to plan for the better future. Local people, preferably marginalized people, should have control over the decisions made regarding 'development' which affects their lives and conditions. For this, outsiders listen to the local people, learn from the local people and work together with the local people as the facilitators. Thus, this approach highlights participation as "development organisations should participate in community's issues - not that community participate in organisations' set agendas."


    • PARTICIPATORY PLANNING Using the Appreciative Planning and Action Approach Training Manual


      • Appreciative Planning and Action (APA) is a slightly modified practice of Appreciative Inquiry, a process developed by Cooperrider, Shivastava, Whitney and others associated with the Weatherhead School of Management, Case Western Reserve University in the USA. Many modern companies use this approach in planning, as well as more and more development practitioners.

        APA aims:

        • To empower communities and individuals to take pride in what

          and who they are and what they have achieved; to dream of what might be; to plan for what can be; and to feel the energy that comes from making commitments and taking the first step.

        • To be simple enough that anyone can do it, and profound enough to change people's lives. 



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